Glossary of Terms

12/02/2014 00:11
  1. Schönbrunn was the Hapsburg palace in Vienna built by Empress Maria Theresia.
  2. Stein is the traditional beaker used to drink beer in Bavaria. It was normally made of clay with a zinc top.
  3. Heuriger is the traditional Vienna wine taverns. Normally they sold their own wine but more recently they would sell other vintners but with most wine coming from the Vienna Weinviertel.
  4. Gemeindeamt is the local council looking after the affairs of towns in the country.
  5. Meldeamt is the notary office.
  6. Sportsverein refers to a network of sports clubs. These clubs were often the breeding ground for Nazi sympathies and were closely associated with the Hitler Youth movement.
  7. Vienna is divided into districts and the locals will always ask you from which district you come. The first district is the noblest part based within the Ringstrasse.
  8. Ober refers to the name of the head waiter of the café.
  9. Gotti is the Austrian word for godfather.
  10. Lehrling is the stage after school when the youngster learns a trade similar to apprentice.
  11. Joint was the short name given to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee who helped displaced persons emigrate to Palestine following World War II.
  12. Muselmann was a state in which camp inmates gave up. Very few inmates emerged from this state and typically died within days.
  13. Königsgraben was a drainage ditch built in the Auschwitz camp. The working conditions were some of the worst in the camp.
  14. Blockführer is the title given to the person responsible per barrack .These people also held tremendous power within the campand frequently had a criminal background. Monowitz was one of the three Auschwitz complexes.
  15. Furst translates as Lord.
  16. Topfen Kolatsch is a pastry originating fromBohemia made of flaky pastry surrounding cottage cream.
  17. Kümmelbraten is a Bohemian dish of roast pork marinated in a thick sauce including caraway seeds.
  18. Tafelspitz is a beef dish where the best cut of meat is boiled in a light brine. The dish is principally Bohemian.
  19. Meerettich is grated horse radish.
  20. Kartoffelsalat is potatoe salad.
  21. Grosschen is the smallest coin being one hundredth of a Schilling.
  22. Hitler Jugend was a youth organization sponsored by the Nazis to encourage indoctrination of young adults.
  23. Lebensraum translates as ‘Room to Live’. Hitler frequently referred to the push east to allow the Germans more room to spread their population.
  24. Kuchldragoner translates loosely as ‘Soldier of the kitchen’ but could also be interpreted as Dragon.
  25. Fiaker is a horse and carriage built in the 19th century commonly used today to give tours around Vienna.
  26. Gnädige Frau is an address that Viennese shopkeepers use to women. It can be used ironically.
  27. Vaada was an organization that organized the rescue of Jews from neighbouring lands to Hungary. It was later involved in the Blood for Goods scheme and the Kasztner Train where questionable deals were done with the Nazis.
  28. ’Kampfgruppe Auschwitz’ was the name given to one of the main resistance groups within the Auschwitz camp.
  29. Mohnstrudel is a favourite dessert made up of sweet dough enfolding poppy seeds.
  30. Lidice was a village wiped out by the Nazis, following the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich who was then commander of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now known as the Czech Republic).
  31. Ramp referred to two train platforms where arrivals disembarked and put through the  selection process.
  32. Sanka refers to the Sanitäts Kraftwagen (ambulance). In later years, the Nazis delivered the gas crystals to the Chambers using a Sanka van with a Red Cross painted on the side.
  33. Zyklon B was the name of the gas used in the Gas Chambers. It was originally a pesticide produced by IG Farben.
  34. Sonderkommando was the team that manned the Gas Chambers and Crematoriums.
  35. WVH refers to the Wirtschafts Verwaltungs Haupt Amt the organization that ran the economic section of the SS. It was often staffed by invalids and included administration of the concentration camps. The organization was headed by Oswald Pohl who reported to Heinrich Himmler.
  36. AVISTA Nachforschungsbüro was an agency that investigated missing persons after the war.
  37. Untersuchung Richter is the questioning lawyer of the state prosecution.
  38. SD refers to the Sicherheitsdienst which included amongst its departments the famous Gestapo.
  39. The Aufräumungskommando was the formal German word for the Ramp Crew.
  40. Effektenkammer or effektenlager is the German names of the building in which materials were sorted, stacked and despatched.
  41. Dirndl is the traditional dress worn by German women.
  42. Heimwehr was a semi military police force in operation during the Nazi era.
  43. Bauernschlau translates simply as ‘Farmer sly’.
  44. Krone was the popular newspaper in austria at the time.
  45. POW refers to Prisoner Of War.
  46. Most is an unripe apple wine. Though mildly alcoholic, it tastes like cloudy apple juice.
  47. Politische Bereitschaft was one of the earlier organizations that merged into the SS Schutzstaffel.
  48. Junkerschule was a training school for SS officers.
  49. Hauptsturmführer and Oberführer were senior ranks within the SS, the latter equivalent to junior general.
  50. Molotov pact was an agreement reached between Hitler and Stalin to share the occupation of Poland.
  51. Lazarett is a Field Hospital to treat wounded front soldiers.
  52. Adolf Eichmann was a senior Nazi officer responsible for organizing the transports of Jews to concentration camps.
  53. Schreiber was a privileged position within the camp organization. The role often involved administration.
  54. Langosch bread is a Hungarian snack of fried bread. Fried in deep fat and spread with garlic sauce it is often sold at street kitchens throughout Vienna.
  55. Kanada was a part of the Auschwitz complex where confiscated goods were sorted and recycled before being sent back to Germany.
  56. Crematorium was the building where inmates were gassed and their bodies burnt.
  57. Stare Mesto is the old town district in Prague.
  58. DP Camp refers to displaced Persons camps set up after the war to deal with refugees, often those surving the Holocaust.
  59. Oswiecim was the eastern version of the name Auschwitz.
  60. Sauna was the arrivals point for inmates selected to enter the Auschwitz concentration camp.
  61. This the main court chamber where prominent cases are tried.
  62. Kurrentschrift is a shorthand used specifically in Austrian business correspondence.
  63. Aprikosen Schiffli is a flaky pastry with apricots its form loosely resembling a ship.
  64. The Frankfurt Trials in 1963 resulted in the prosecution of several prominent Nazis involved in the concentration camps. Hermann Langbein of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre provided many of the witnesses and it proved to be a watershed in Nazi prosecution.
  65. ‘Halt den Mund’ is a derogatory way of asking somebody to be quiet almost like ‘Shut your face.’
  66. Aufräumungskommando was the team responsible for removing bodies and possessions from arriving transports also known as the Ramp Crew. The possessions were moved by this team to the Effektenlager.
  67. Grauen Haus is the name given to the building in which is located the Vienna Supreme Court.
  68. Landesgericht is the supreme criminal court in Vienna.
  69. Wilhelm Boger was known as the Tiger of Auschwitz and was particularly cruel in his torture methods.